A dental specialty can be a great career, and many specialties offer advantages over general dentistry, especially when it comes to income.
There are 12 specialties now recognized by the ADA as of July, 2020. Other countries might have slightly different definitions of a “specialty”, but endodontics, orthodontics, periodontics, oral surgery, prosthodontics and pediatric dentistry are pretty universal.
General dentistry can certainly be a great career, but if you have the class rank and the board scores to specialize, and can take the couple of extra years that it takes for a residency, it can definitely pay off.
Recent Trends in the Market for Oral Surgeons, Endodontists, Orthodontists, Periodontists, and Pediatric Dentists: https://www.ada.org/~/media/ADA/Science%20and%20Research/HPI/Files/HPIBrief_0217_1.pdf?la=en
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