Root Canal – Edmonton Dentist (Dental Clinic). Root Canal Step By Step / Treatment / Crown.

If you want to know the Root Canal step by step, or if you wonder how is Root Canal done, this video is for you. It gives you a description of what is root canal and how is Root Canal performed.

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Root Canal treatment (also known as Endodontic treatment or therapy) is a procedure whereby the irreversibly inflamed or infected pulp tissue of a tooth is removed and the canal system is disinfected and sealed in order to prevent future infection.
Contrary to popular belief, the roots of the tooth are NOT removed during Root Canal Treatment. Only the infected or inflamed pulp tissue WITHIN the roots and crown are removed.
A tooth is made up of the part that is visible above the gumline, called the Crown, and the part that is found within the bone below the gumline, called the Roots.
Healthy, vital teeth have tiny blood vessels and nerves that make up the Pulp tissue found within the canal system of the roots, and the pulp chamber of the crown.
The Pulp tissue of a tooth can become irreversibly inflamed or infected from different types of trauma or the progression of decay. This can lead to a severe toothache, or dental abscess.
Different diagnostic tests and x-rays are used to determine what is wrong with the tooth, and what the appropriate treatment options are. If your dentist determines the tooth is restorable, or saveable, one of the main treatment options to save the tooth in these instances is Root Canal Treatment.

There are 3 main steps to Root Canal Treatment.
Step Number 1 – Access opening: The affected tooth is anesthetized locally, and an access opening into the pulp chamber is created with a dental drill. The openings or orifices of each canal is found. Most upper front teeth (or incisors) will have only one canal, while lower front teeth will have one or two canals.
Premolars will typically have one or two canals, and Molars will typically have 3 or 4 canals. There are of course exceptions.
Step Number 2 – Cleaning and Shaping: The length of each canal is measured using an Apex Locator, as well as X-Ray images.

A series of endodontic files are used in conjunction with a liquid disinfectant in order to meticulously remove the infected or inflamed pulp tissue and disinfect each of the canals.

The root canal system includes small lateral canals that are too small for instruments to clean directly, which is why it is important to enlarge and shape the main canals properly, and use sufficient disinfectant solution. It is also important to disinfect the entire length of the root canals.

Leaving tissue behind or not cleaning the entire length of the canal sufficiently can lead to eventual treatment failure.
Step Number 3 – Obturation: After the canals have been disinfected, they are individually sealed. Traditionally, a material called Gutta Percha is used to accomplish this.
There are different techniques to accomplish this step, for example, warm vertical condensation or lateral condensation.

Once the Root Canal Treatment is completed, it is important that a permanent restoration be placed to preserve the disinfected canals. This is important because it is possible for previously treated canals to be reinfected.

A permanent filling, or a crown will usually be recommended to help prevent this from happening. The Crown may be recommended because root canal treated teeth can become brittle over time, and more prone to fracture. The Crown can reinforce the remaining tooth structure and help prevent fractures.

As with any medical or dental procedure, there are certain risks or possible complications to root canal treatment. These include: lingering inflammation or pain, which usually resolves over a short period of time, fractured or separated endodontic files, which can affect the outcome of treatment, missed or hidden canals, which can lead to eventual failure, or continued discomfort.
It is important that you find an experienced dentist or endodontic specialist who will hopefully maximize the outcome of the Root Canal Treatment. Generally speaking, Root Canal Treatment is a highly successful, long term treatment option to save your tooth.
In many instances, it can be a more cost-effective​ option when compared to other options such as dental implants.

LOOKING FOR A DENTIST? (Edmonton, Sherwood Park, St Albert, and Spruce Grove)
Call: 587 409 2959 or visit
24/365 DAYS of EMERGENCY DENTAL SERVICES, Please Call: (587) 410-5766.

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